Violent protest clashes. On the culture front, the news was big: The Beatles arrived in New York City on February 7 and took the U.S. by storm, changing music forever. The nation mourned, and Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson suddenly became president on that day in November. History states that Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci discovered a new land in 1497, and Martin Waldseemüller (famous map-maker) named it America after Vespucci. List THREE political events in America along with dates of when they occurred, List THREE political events in America, along with dates of when they. On December 17, the Australian prime minister Harold Holt disappeared while swimming in Cheviot Bay and his body was never found. The Sharpeville massacre in South Africa occurred on March 21, when a crowd of about 7,000 protesters went to the police station. The first working laser, invented by several physicists over decades of research, was built by Theodore Maiman of the Hughes Research Laboratory in California on May 16th. The Soviets sent their first artificial satellite into space in 1957 -- prompting the U.S. to hasten into the game. On July 2, 1964, the landmark Civil Rights Act became law, ending segregation in public places and banning employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin. John F. Kennedy Inaugaration John F. Kennedy is elected the 35th president of the United States. Jul 3, 1950. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous "I Have a Dream" speech at the March on Washington in August 1963. He signed momentous legislation that included the Civil Rights Act of 1964, but he also became the target of protesters' wrath for the quagmire in Vietnam, which expanded in the late '60s. The centrality of the Declaration of Independence (1776) to the developments of the 1770s is self-evident. In Washington DC, Betty Friedan, Shirley Chisholm, Pauli Murray, and Muriel Fox founded the National Organization for Women on June 30. ThoughtCo. Riots. The news of this year made an indelible mark on the nation with the assassination of JFK on November 22 in Dallas while he was visiting on a campaign trip. In lighter news, on July 9, Andy Warhol exhibited his iconic Campbell's Soup can painting in an exhibition in Los Angeles. ... See more Politics timelines. U.S. severs diplomatic relations with Cuba. John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as the 35th president. On May 8, the first James Bond movie, "Dr. No," hit the theaters. And on May 25, 1961, JFK gave his "Man on the Moon" speech, setting a new course of discovery for the U.S. and the world. This helped football become the most popular sport in America. The decade opened with a presidential election that included the first televised debates between the two candidates: John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon. On April 12, the ​Soviets launched the Vostok 1, carrying Yuri Gargarin as the first man into space. Alan Shepard became the first American in space in 1961. Recommended to you based on your activity and what's popular • Feedback The Sixties: Moments in Time. April 17–20. Here are some of the sporting highlights in the world of sport for 1960. In June, LBJ nominated Thurgood Marshall to the Supreme Court, and on August 30, the Senate confirmed him as an associate justice. The Black Panther Party was founded by Huey Newton, Bobby Seale, and Elbert Howard in Oakland California on October 15. Three astronauts—Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger B. Chaffee—were killed during a simulated launch of the first Apollo mission on January 27. In 1968, the U.S. mourned two more inspirational leaders who were assassinated: the Rev. Rosenberg, Jennifer. The most powerful earthquake ever reported devastated Chile on May 22, with an estimated 9.4–9.6 on the moment magnitude scale. One of the biggest, defining aspects of the 1960s was music. The Phillies had a 6.5 game lead with two weeks left, but lost 10 in a row to choke miserably down the stretch. The race into space was fueled by the United States' rivalry with the Soviet Union during this era. The first Freedom Ride left Washington DC on May 4th: freedom riders challenged the southern states' non-enforcement of the Supreme Court's ruling that segregation on buses was unconstitutional. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was killed on April 4, while on a speaking tour in Memphis, Tennessee, and then-presidential candidate Robert F. Kennedy was felled by an assassin's bullet on June 6 as he was celebrating his win in the California Democratic primary. Vietnam was the first war to be videotaped by reporters for the public to see on a daily bases. August 21. The United States has had a lot of positive and negative events in its history. On June 12, civil rights activist Medgar Evers was murdered, and on September 15, the 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was fire-bombed by white supremacists, killing four teenage girls and injuring 22 others. . At the same time, events and new public attitudes brought dramatic social changes to the United States. Many other groups--including American Indians, Mexican Americans, and women--also began demanding fuller rights. On March 6, 1965, two battalions of U.S. Marines waded ashore near Danang, the first wave of sent troops sent by LBJ to Vietnam in what would become a source of division in the U.S. in the decades to come. The most comprehensible history of the american 1960s that I know.” — Todd Gitlin, New York University “When two accomplished historians of the caliber of Isserman and Kazin turn their talents to a survey of the Sixties, the result is an engrossing narrative and a highly intelligent analyis of the era's cultural, political, and social events. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/1960s-timeline-1779953. This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 3 pages. The Rev. For the first time, two states, New York and California have over fifteen million people within their borders. (2020, August 28). South African Christaan Barnard performed the first successful human to human heart transplant in Cape Town on December 3. Steve Wiegand is an award-winning political journalist and history writer. Brandon Huovie - The Outsiders Pre-reading Activity: The 60's Scavenger Hunt, West Orange High, West Orange • BIOLOGY E,G. Did Tecumseh’s Curse Kill Seven US Presidents? Dr. Martin Luther King's legendary "I Have a Dream" speech. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. There’s still a debate as to who discovered it: Amerigo Vespucci or Christopher Columbus. The Middle East witnessed the Six-Day War (June 5–10) between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, and Syria. Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1965 to 1969, Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1960 to 1964, Biography of the Rev. From the Boston Tea Party to the shot heard round the world, Washington’s Crossing of the Delaware, and the Valley Forge winter, the American Revolution’s pursuit of liberty was made meaningful by the founding document of the great American experiment in democracy. However, recent evidence suggests that Columbus had already discovered this unknown land in 1492. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Civil Rights Leader, Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1951 to 1959. Yasser Arafat became the leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization on February 5, a role he would keep until October 2004. On September 30, 1966, Nazi Albert Speer was released from Spandau Prison after completing his 20-year sentence for war crimes. The geographic center of the United States is located six and one half miles northwest of Centralia, Illinois. January 3. Bettmann Archive / Getty Images. The first of four debates took place on Sept. 26, 1960, and was viewed by about 40% of the U.S. population. 1961 January 3. Two assassinations overshadow all other news of 1968. In the 1960 Summer Olympics, Wilma Rudolph won three gold medals in track & field. The 1900s Government, Politics, and Law: OverviewAmerican society was rapidly transforming at the dawn of the new century. Over a 35-year career, he worked as a reporter and columnist at the San Diego Evening Tribune, San Francisco Chronicle, and Sacramento Bee.He is the author or coauthor of seven books dealing with various aspects of U.S. and world history. It was not even sold out! POLITICS: Power to the People. Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba fails. Presidential candidates Richard Nixon (left), later the 37th president of the United States, and John F. Kennedy, the 35th president, during a televised debate. McFadden, Strauss Eddy & Irwin for Desilu Productions/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. On June 20, the U.S. and Soviet Union agreed to establish a hotline telephone connection between the two countries. He was the first African-American justice on the Supreme Court. The 1960s is known for the major moments that shaped history -- civil rights, Vietnam, the assassinations of Kennedy and King. On April 21, the newly built city of Brasília was founded and Brazil moved its capital there from Rio de Janeiro. The black civil rights movement grew in intensity in the 1960's. January 20. Surrounded by his children, a survivor of the My Lai Massacre stands in a village near the site of the massacre. Rosenberg, Jennifer. Looking back through the annals of history, the 1960s stands out as a highly important decade in American History. The first Super Bowl ever was played in Los Angeles on January 15, 1967 between the Green Bay Packers and the Kansas City Chiefs. Just one day after managing the Cardinals to the championship, John Keane resigned from St. Louis to take over for Yogi Berra in New York.The collapse of the Philadelphia Phillies kept things interesting in the NL. Activist Malcolm X was assassinated of February 21, and riots devastated the Watts area of Los Angeles between August 11 and 16, killing 34 and injuring 1,032. In 1950, Diners Club, the first modern credit card was introduced, which would eventually change the financial lives of every American in the years to come. On March 1, 1961, President Kennedy founded the Peace Corps, a federal agency designed to give Americans an opportunity to serve their country and the world through volunteer community-based projects. ThoughtCo, Aug. 28, 2020, thoughtco.com/1960s-timeline-1779953. But by 1963, the civil rights movement was making headlines and the young and vibrant President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, one of the most stunning events of the 20th century. https://www.apstudynotes.org/us-history/timelines/1960-1970 Alaska becomes the 49th state. This timeline offers a sample of newsworthy happenings from the 1960s. Her subsequent arrest initiated a sustained bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama. The country as a whole was moving away from a rural agriculture-based lifestyle to an urban industrial economy. In the ongoing civil rights movement, James Meredith was the first African-American admitted to the segregated University of Mississippi, on October 1; he graduated in 1963 with a degree in political science. "Star Trek" made its legendary mark on TV, with its first program on September 8. Public Debt Outstanding, Annual, 1950-2000, US Treasury; 1960s Magazine Ads; 1960. The March on Washington of May 15 drew 200,000 protesters who witnessed the Rev. For those living through this decade, it was one not to be forgotten. In perhaps the most stunning news of 1962, the iconic sex symbol of the era, Marilyn Monroe, was found dead at her home on August 5. Workers building the Berlin Wall, a tangible symbol of the Cold War. The Sixties dominated by the Vietnam War, Civil Rights Protests, the 60s also saw the assassinations of US President John F Kennedy and Martin Luther King, Cuban Missile Crisis, and finally ended on a good note when the first man is landed on the moon. He was found guilty on 15 counts on December 12 and executed the following June. Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame fullback Jim Taylor (31) turns the corner with Kansas City Chiefs defensive tackle Andrew Rice (58) during the first Super Bowl. NASA/Neil A. Armstrong/Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain. Apr 8, 1967. JFK, MLK, LBJ, Vietnam, and the 1960s. The protest began on December 5, led by Martin Luther King, Jr., then a young local pastor, and was so successful that it was extended indefinitely. In History. During this decade, the United States was rocked by political scandal in the form of By the early 1960s, teenagers were already significantly different to those of a decade ago. The environmental research ship USS Pueblo, attached to Navy intelligence as a spy ship, was captured by North Korean forces on January 23. Many historians also believe that the famed Chinese explorer Ch… Swimming Record The first American record in the 100-yard butterfly is set by Mark Spitz at the AAU Indoor Championships in Dallas. what are three major political events in the 1960s? 1960 – U-2 incident, wherein a CIA U-2 spy plane was shot down while … The major events of this year in sport were the Summer Olympics in Rome Italy and the Winter Olympic Games in Squaw Valley USA. Japan opened its first bullet train (Shinkansen) commuter line on October 1, with trains between Tokyo and Shin-Osaka Station. | Location: near My Lai, South Vietnam. War. For example, if I said that politics in the 1960s became more contentious, that would be a fact, but it would have no date to associate with it. On March 9, Joseph Stalin's daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva (Lana Peters) defected to the U.S. and arrived there in April 1967. 1960s in the United States: 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969. Ten men stole £2.6 million from a Royal Mail train between Glasgow and London on August 8, now known as the Great Train Robbery. Rosenberg, Jennifer. December 14, 1819 - Alabamais the 22nd state admitted to the Union. The image depicts a stamp showing the arrival of Columbus in the United States. On November 10, "Sesame Street" came to public television. Aug 28, 1963. The My Lai massacre—in which American soldiers killed nearly all of the people in the Vietnamese village of My Lai on March 16—and the months-long military campaign known as the Tet Offensive (January 30–September 23) topped Vietnam news. "JFK, MLK, LBJ, Vietnam, and the 1960s." On December 1, 1955, African American civil rights activist Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a public bus to a white passenger. On September 8, Alfred Hitchcock's landmark movie "Psycho" opened in the theaters to mixed reviews, although it is today considered among Hitchcock's best. The legendary outdoor Woodstock rock concert was held on Max Yasgur's farm, New York, between August 15–18). "JFK, MLK, LBJ, Vietnam, and the 1960s." In 1963, John Glenn was the first American to orbit the Earth, and in 1969, the crew of Apollo XI became the first men to land on the moon. What were THREE major sporting events and the dates they took place. Construction was completed on the Berlin Wall, sealing off East from West Berlin on August 13. Also, the first Walmart opened July 2, Johnny Carson began his long run as host of the "Tonight Show" on October 1, and on September 27, 1962, Rachel Carson's "Silent Spring" documenting the adverse environmental effects caused indiscriminate pesticide use was published. The first message was sent between computers connected by the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), the precursor of the Internet, on October 29. The biggest event of 1962 was the Cuban Missile Crisis. First Military Advisors to Vietnam The United States sends its first military advisors to Vietnam to help fight against the communist North. Argentinian physician and revolutionary leader Che Guevara was captured by the Bolivian army on October 8 and executed by firing squad the next day. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. in April and Robert F. Kennedy in June. On November 29, the Warren Report on the assassination of JFK was issued, naming Lee Harvey Oswald as the lone killer. Hawaii becomes the 50th state. The Rev. 105,1, Fairchild Wheeler Interdistrict Magnet School, Georgia Southwestern State University • HIST MISC, Fairchild Wheeler Interdistrict Magnet School • HISTORY MISC, Robert F Kennedy Community High School • HISTORY 134. The crew was held in North Korea for nearly a year, returning to the U.S. on December 24. Events of the 1960-1969 Timeline created by ... Jan 20, 1961. At the start of the 1960s, things seemed pretty much like the 1950s: prosperous, calm, and predictable. On July 18, SenatorTed Kennedy (D-MA) left the scene of an accident on Chappaquiddick Island, Massachusetts, where his campaign worker Mary Jo Kopechne died. The Prague Spring (January 5–August 21) marked a time of liberalization in Czechoslovakia before the Soviets invaded and removed the leader of the government, Alexander Dubcek. Events of 1960, from Wikipedia There's Plenty of Room at the Bottom: An Invitation to Enter a New Field of Physics, by Richard P. Feynman, Caltech's Engineering and Science, February 1960 [first paper on nanotechnology] Hubert Humphrey Speaks to Farmers 14 March They were all caught and convicted. The Rolling Stones' mega-hit "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" hit the rock and roll radio airwaves on June 6, and miniskirts started showing up on city streets, making designer Mary Quant the driving force behind 60s fashion. Pictures and Trivia About the Presidents of the United States, Birmingham Campaign: History, Issues, and Legacy, Four Major Civil Rights Speeches and Writings, The 'Big Six' Organizers of the Civil Rights Movement, A List of Holidays of Interest to Black Americans, Rev. infographics! Major Events of the 1960s Timeline created by hockeygirlliz. Nelson Mandela was arrested and at the Rivonia Trial on June 12 he was sentenced to life in prison in South Africa with seven other anti-apartheid activists. In May Mao Tse-tung launched the Cultural Revolution, a sociopolitical movement that would remake China. February Freedom Ride, led by Charles Perkins, draws attention to racial discrimination in country NSW. On May 9, the first commercial birth control pill, Enovid, produced by G.D. Searle was approved for that use by the FDA. Important Dates In American History. Three months earlier on May 19, she sang a memorable "Happy Birthday" to JFK. Hasbro's GI Joe showed up on toy store shelves beginning February 2, and Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali) became the heavyweight champion of the world, beating Sonny Liston in six rounds on February 25. Pro BaseballThe St. Louis Cardinals defeated the New York Yankees in the 1964 World Series. May America was certainly no stranger to political violence, but 1968 appeared to bring the bloodletting to new heights. Sixty-nine people lost their lives, and 180 sustained injuries. Learn more about The Outsiders with Course Hero's FREE study guides and https://www.thoughtco.com/1960s-timeline-1779953 (accessed January 24, 2021). Assassinations. 4. Alabama entered the Union on December 14, 1819. Dr. Martin Luther King's legendary "I Have a Dream" speech, Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali), B.A., History, University of California at Davis. Mass protests against the draft and the war in Vietnam dominated the nightly news. I believe that the Vietnam War (1954-1975) was one of the most important events in the 1960’s because it was a highly controversial and covered heavily by media. Several major events shaped the era: the assassination of U.S. President John F. Source for information on The 1960s Government, Politics, and Law: Overview: U*X*L American Decades dictionary. The 1960s Government, Politics, and Law: OverviewThe decade of the 1960s has been called one of the most turbulent in all of American history. About the Book Author. What three events best represent the 1960’s and why? Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon during the Apollo 11 mission on July 20, 1969. Today over 40 million foreign-born individuals live in the United States, about three-quarters of whom have legal status. MLK I have a dream speech Martin Luther King gies his famous I jave a Dream speech at the Lincoln Memorial, Washington D.C. ... See more Politics timelines. On June 16, Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman launched into space. Betty Friedan's "The Feminine Mystique" was published on February 19th, and the first "Dr. Who" episode aired on television on November 23. The war escalates throughout the 60s with military soldiers being sent in. April 1, 1960 - The 1960 census includes a United States population of 179,323,175, an 18.5% increase since 1950. The Great Blackout of November 9, 1965 left about 30 million people in the Northeast U.S. and parts of Ontario in Canada in the dark for 13 hours in the biggest power failure in history (up to that point). Between April 11 and August 14, Adolf Eichmann went on trial for his role in the Holocaust, charged under the 1950 Nazi and Nazi Collaborators Punishment law. All males turning 20 between 1 January and 30 June must register within three weeks. But other major events occurred. Even when the outcome was not good, these events are very important for everyone in the country. Although this may sound peaceful, the 1950s were one of the most turbulent decades in global politics, containing some seminal political events. During the years 1900 to 1909, over eight million immigrants poured into the United States in search of jobs and opportunity. Jennifer Rosenberg is a historian and writer who specializes in 20th-century history. Through this event, the United States was on edge for 13 days (October 16–28) during a confrontation with the Soviet Union. Between April 17–19, the Bay of Pigs invasion in Cuba occurred when about 1,400 Cuban exiles failed to wrest control from Fidel Castro. 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