37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned. “Let them rest satisfied,” says he, “with this sign, that as Jonah, brought up from the bottom of the sea, preached to the Ninevites, so they will hear the voice of a prophet risen from the dead.” The most of commentators, I am aware, display greater ingenuity in expounding this passage; but as the resemblance between Christ and Jonah does not hold at every point, we must inquire in what respect Christ compares himself to Jonah. Matthew 12:40 gives an entirely different turn to the reference. genea. What we sometimes neglect is that the gospels also speak about our condition and obligations in ways that make us fear for our security. He declines, knowing it to be vain. About this page Source. v, par. Israel had once been, as it were, the true spouse and bride of Jehovah. Jonah preached repentance to the men of Nineveh as the only way of escape from judgment. They had a moblike desire to see splendid shows in the sky, not unlike the excitement of the populace for fireworks on some day of public celebration. Matthew 12:40 What Does Matthew 12:40 Mean? (Menochius), adulterous. Comp. “You despise,” he says, “the Son of God, who has come down to you from heaven: but I am yet to die, and to rise from the grave, and to speak to you after my resurrection, as Jonah came from the bottom of the sea to Nineveh.” In this manner our Lord cuts off every pretense for their wicked demands, by threatening that he will be their Prophet after his resurrection, since they do not receive him while clothed with mortal flesh. Gideon asks a sign, (Jude 6:17,) and God is not angry, but grants his request; and though Gideon becomes importunate and asks another sign, yet God condescends to his weakness. He calls them adulterous, that is, spurious or illegitimate, (165) because they were degenerated from the holy fathers; as the prophets reproach the men of their age with being not the descendants of Abraham, but the ungodly seed of Canaan. We expect the gospels, perhaps Luke especially, to reassure us that we find security in Jesus Christ. But he answered and said unto them - "when the people were gathered thick together" (Luke 11:20). For my own part, leaving the speculations of other men, I think that Christ intends to mark out that single point of resemblance which I have already hinted, that he will be their prophet after that he is risen from the dead. Luke is no exception to this. If a person is on Christ's side, then he will produce Christ-like fruit. It is one of the ironies of history that the very people who always wanted to see the spectacular, had on the other hand taken God’s living Law and turned it into chains and manacles as a result of its formality and excessive restraint. Notice the emphasis in the thrice repeated σημεῖον. When he heals a demoniac, THE CONTEXT: Chapter 12 seethes with conflict. Matthew 12:40 (cf. Matthew continues the theme of disciples imitating their master. This passage introduces a second stage of the mission instructions for the twelve which began … Continue reading "Commentary on Matthew 10:24-39" Luke says that they made the request tempting, or making experiments upon him. Seeketh after, craves, demands as essential. This verse shows us how obscure a “sign” can be This time the parallel appears not just in what they will say and do, but in what they will experience in the mission field: rejection, suffering, and for some even death. ‘Answered and said.’ In Matthew ‘answered’ does not necessarily refer back to a particular question. 40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. One would in due time be given, which would demonstrate his Messiahship; but it would not convince them. Matthew 12:39 - But He answered and said to them, 'An evil and adulterous generation craves for a sign; and yet no sign will be given to it but the sign of Jonah the prophet; on StudyLight.org род лукавый и прелюбодейный Здесь говорится о духовном блуде – неверности Богу (ср. Matthew 12:38-40 Did the day of Jesus' resurrection cause a change in the day of worship? The word γενεά sometimes denotes an age, and sometimes a people or nation. These Pharisees represent the great part of the Jewish people, who looked for a temporal Deliverer, showing signs from heaven. Matthew 12:40 - for just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea monster , so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. They thus have all the proof that they need before their eyes. for just as JONAH WAS THREE DAYS AND THREE NIGHTS IN THE BELLY OF THE SEA MONSTER, so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Here it was by how they responded to Him and to His teaching. But with a vile spiritual adultery they were forsaking him, and embracing in their hearts a false Messiah, the incarnation of their own riotous tastes and appetites. conceived his sacred relation to God as represented by the figure of marriage, hence idolatry and For the reasons expressed in the preceding paragraph, Jesus called them an evil generation and refused to perform any miracle at that time. Er aber gab ihnen zur Antwort: »Ein Zeichen verlangt diese Generation, die doch böse ist und sich von Gott abgewandt hat! They were like the adulterous wife of Hosea (Hosea 1:2), taken up with anyone and anything except faithfulness, except what represented the truth. A sign shall not be given to it. This is the Messiah that gross human nature ever seeks. There shall no sign be given to it. Nineveh had recognised such teaching, even from a lesser man, and so had the queen of the south, Gentiles all, and all had responded to it, but the Jews who now had something greater, had not because they were evil and adulterous. 4. I will give no other sign than my death and resurrection, as then, though unwillingly, they will acknowledge me, and people will believe and be converted: so in John (Chap. Matthew 12:33-37 We can determine which side somebody is on by the fruits of his life. Translated by John Patrick. No sign will convince them; why give one?— , etc. Иер.5:7, 8). This is the Messiah that gross human nature ever seeks. : except the sign of Jonah the prophet, which was no sign in their sense. Our present generation also will be judged by the fact that it has the teaching of Jesus in all its splendour, and yet have refused to acknowledge it in any significant way, and to respond to the One Who gave it. Seeketh after a sign. Ahaz is severely blamed for refusing to ask a sign, as the prophet had enjoined him to do, (Isaiah 7:11.) This leads to the inquiry, Does Christ address them with such harshness of language, because they wished to have a sign given them? Aware of their design, as his time was not come, he retired from that σεν ἀλλʼ οὐ διʼ αὐτούς, ἀλλὰ διὰ τὴν τῶν ἄλλων ὠφέλειαν, They wish for an occasion, and no occasion is given them, They seek for a sign, and no sign shall be given them, But he answered and said to them, An evil, A sign; but there shall no sign be given to it, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. In the eye of Jesus this class were but the spokesmen of their generation, the exponents of the reigning spirit of unbelief. gives a sign. One sign and only one, such as they demanded, should be given to those for whom the other notes of Messiahship were insufficient, and that should be the sign of the prophet Jonas. viii.) Matthew just quoted Jesus offering us an easy yoke and a light burden. Jesus thus indicates His resurrection, διὰ τὴν ὁμοιότητα, Euth. They had a moblike desire to see splendid shows in the sky, not unlike the excitement of the populace for fireworks on some day of public celebration. Ezekiel 23:37, &c. generation. Luke says that they made the request. strictly so speaking: see ch. Matthew 12:39. γεμεὰ, a generation) A race of the same age and disposition.— μοιχαλὶς, adulterous) i.e. Jonah was not the only prophetic preacher of repentance; but, as Nineveh is held up as a reproach to the persons addressed, to single him out was fitting. ‘But he answered and said to them, “An evil and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and there will no sign be given to it apart from the sign of Jonah the prophet,” ’. And there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: 39. An evil and adulterous generation. Their craving after a sign was a token of the same spirit of apostacy which made them join with heathen idolaters in crucifying Jesus. One great sign would be given, typified in the history of Jonah,—the death and resurrection of Christ. Adulterous — Compare note, Matthew 4:8, and introduction to chap. When the disciples began to pluck the heads of grain, in the eyes of the religious leaders they were guilty of: Matthew 12:39 Context 36 But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. Their true spouse now was Jesus, the Jehovah incarnate. How evil and godless. But none will be given it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. By following his example, we can find hope and healing during life's hardships and heartaches. He who receiveth you, receiveth me . 38 Then some of the Pharisees and teachers of the Law said to Him, “Teacher, we want to see a miraculous sign from you.”39 He answered, “A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a miraculous sign! Greek. 40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. Their true spouse now was Jesus, the Jehovah incarnate. What a display was this, I do not say of indifference, but of malice, in shutting their eyes against so many signs! Problem: Christ rose on Sunday (Matt. Matthew 12:39. * [ 24:36 ] Many textual witnesses omit nor the Son , which follows Mk 13:32 . If it be Looking to help your … he verse cannot be challenged on critical grounds. Commentary on Matthew 12:14-21 (Read Matthew 12:14-21) The Pharisees took counsel to find some accusation, that Jesus might be condemned to death. Hezekiah does not ask a sign, and it is offered to him, though unsolicited, (Isaiah 38:7.) 39 He answered, “A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a sign! Matthew 12:39. as in Matthew 11:16, a moral class, “quae in omni malitia et improbitate vivit,” Suicer, s. v. .— , unfaithful to God as a wife to a husband, apt description of men professing godliness but ungodly in heart.— , hankers after, as in Matthew 6:32; characteristic; men that have no light within crave external evidence, which given would be of no service to them. See note on Matthew 11:16. Matthew 12:42 Parallel Verses [ See commentary ]Matthew 12:42, NIV: "The Queen of the South will rise at the judgment with this generation and condemn it; for she came from the ends of the earth to listen to Solomon's wisdom, and now something greater than Solomon is here." 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